Identification and Disinformation on social media

Disinformation is false information that is intended to make people believe something that is not true.  There are computers programs, which are set up by a human user, that works automatically everywhere. They are also called Bots. And they can especially find information for people on the internet. Social media make people believe that this information that came from those computers programs are real people, and then participate in the spread of disinformation. However, anyone can detect the signs of those computers programs, and resist the spread of disinformation online. It also has two others categories of high-volume accounts: Sockpuppets and trolls.

A Sockpuppets account is created by one individual in order to appear like the account is controlled by a second, distinct individual. The second individual may be a real person or an invented persona that simply masks the identity of the account creator. The difference between a sockpuppet from a bot is that Sockpuppets are at least partially controlled by a human who tweets different content from each one, or more often, retweets the same content from all of them. Where bots are fully automated via code. On the other hand, Trolls accounts are more vulnerable than Sockpuppets.  Most of the disinformation account are traits, which are most dangerous.

One of the primary ways to determine that an account is not manually controlled by a human is that it never sleeps. Such an account could be partially automated. The retweet Bot is one of the most common types of Bots. Retweet bots account is programmed to automatically retweet content that comes from a certain particular account or content that contains certain keywords. Retweet bots can function to amplify, normalize, and mainstream disinformation. Many bots and Sockpuppets are examples of what we call catfishing, they use of a false, often stolen, persona for dishonorable purposes. Many of the disinformation accounts had a picture of a real person as their profile image. Some of the bots and Sockpuppets have been created recently for a recent campaign. Those news accounts are very common in disinformation and harassment campaigns.

Bots and Sockpuppets often work in coordination with other bots and Sockpuppets. For example, the same content can be shared by multiple accounts, simultaneously or over a period of time. Some analysts prove that in the lead up to the French election, they noticed a more subtle form of coordination, one that is more readily seen on the large scale via statistical analysis. The accounts that had the highest overall volume of tweets related to the French election had a significantly different timing profile than Twitter as a whole.

Twitter like another platform, facilitates the spread of disinformation, coordinates of online  harassment and abuse campaign. Twitter collect a range of information about people automatically. Like people username, password, phone number, and an email address for every account. Twitter also know the IP address that somebody used to create the account, the basic information used to create the account, the time the account was created.

Internet and Evolution

The Internet got its start in the United States more than 50 years ago as a government weapon in the Cold War. For years, scientists and researchers used it to communicate and share data and files from one computer to another. Today, the Internet change. And we use the Internet for almost everything. For example, we need internet to book flights, transfer funds from the bank account, check bus timetables, send email, search Google, make call by skype, buy or sell stuff on eBay, washes video on YouTube, chat with friends. For many people it would be impossible to imagine life without internet. That is why an Internet change from a simply way to send files from one place to another for itself a “web” of information that anyone on the Internet could retrieve. Over the past two decades, the exponential growth of the Internet has led it to touch upon every aspect of modern life in the world.

Who controls the World Wide Web? The TCP protocol on which all Internet protocols are based is not patented and can be implemented by anyone. It can also continue to operate without any one central system in charge. Although no single person or organization controls the Internet, NSI’s brief experiment with redirecting all mistyped domain names to their own ads demonstrated that they do hold a great deal of practical power. This does not mean that they can do whatever they like, of course; political pressure and the threat of lawsuits led them to stop their ad-redirection policy, at least for now.

Internationally speaking, there is truly no one entity in charge, as each national domain has its own registrars for example .fr for France, .uk for United Kingdom. Certainly the global physical network itself does not belong to any one company.

In some way, Google has control, because it is the most popular search engine, and for a period of time several other competing search engines actually relied on Google for their results. However, Yahoo has stopped using Google in this way, and Microsoft has announced its intention to compete seriously with Google.

Unfortunately, in some countries, effective Internet censorship does exist. Web access in China is severely filtered for political content.